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  • 220px-John_Winthrop_by_Richard_Saltonstall_Greenough_(1873)

Governor John Winthrop

Artist:

Richard Saltonstall Greenough

Location:

First Church  

Location

First Church
United States
42° 21' 13.4928" N, 71° 4' 27.8832" W

Neighborhood:

Back Bay

Type:

Sculpture

Year:

1880

Medium:

Bronze and Granite

Collection:

City of Boston

Funders:

Jonathan Phillips Street Fund

Description:

John Winthrop (1588-1649) was the longtime governor of the Massachusetts Bay Company. Sculptor Richard Saltonstall Greenough represents him as stepping ashore in the new world, carrying the company’s charter in his right hand and what is most likely a bible tucked in his left arm. Winthrop was a man of deep faith, and he viewed his voyage to America less as a business venture than as a spiritual pilgrimage. For Winthrop and his fellow Puritan colonists, New England presented the opportunity to build a devout Christian society—what Winthrop referred to in a famous sermon as the “city upon the hill.” Under Winthrop’s guidance, Massachusetts became a strictly Puritan colony.  * highlighted notes

Greenough’s first sculpture of Winthrop was a marble statue he made for Statuary Hall in the Capitol at Washington. (Statues of Winthrop and Samuel Adams, both by R.S. Greenough, represent Massachusetts in Statuary Hall.) This bronze copy was completed a few years later. Winthrop’s statue in Boston is appropriately placed beside First Church, as he was one of its founders.

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