Born in Roxbury, Dr. Joseph Warren (1741-1775) began his career as a physician, but became increasingly active in the revolutionary climate of colonial Boston. In the 1770s, Warren emerged as a leader in colonial opposition to British taxation and served as president of the third Massachusetts Provincial Congress. While serving as a major general in the colonial army, he was killed during the battle of Bunker Hill. His statue first stood on Warren Street but was removed to the grounds of the Roxbury Latin School, where Warren had been a pupil, and later, a teacher. Paul Wayland Bartlett (1865-1925) created the statue, dedicated in 1904.